West Virginia IV Therapy Education

This West Virginia IV Education course is designed to fulfill the educational requirements of the two West Virginia State Boards of Nursing as it pertains to the practice of IV therapy. Each state board has differing requirements that the nurse must meet regarding infusion therapies. The nurse must be aware of the rules provided by the board for the state in which they practice. The state of West Virginia is somewhat different in that they are one of the 4 states that have a separate board of nursing for RN’s and LPN’s. This course contains a review of the existing laws, policies and standards of nursing practice that pertain to WV nurses from both boards of nursing, as it pertains to infusion therapy.

This course offers 14.00 contact hours of continuing nurse education (CNE). Certificates of Completion are instantly available to print after successful completion of each course with an exam score of 80% or greater. For courses where relevant skills are required, skills check-off lists are available at the end of each course to print and complete with a qualified preceptor.

Interested in learning more about online IV education and certification? Check out our guide, How Online IV Certification Works, and our FAQs.

Objectives

Objectives for Section 1: West Virginia Legalities of Infusion Therapy

  1. List the 2 components required for the LVN to practice IV therapy in the state of West Virginia. 
  2. Describe delegation procedures for West Virginia nurses.
  3. Explain how the Nurse Licensure Compact impacts the nurse's provision of infusion therapy.

Objectives for Section 2: Basics or Peripheral IV Therapy

  1. List specific measures that will protect against malpractice.
  2. Identify infusion related complications, causes and appropriate treatment.
  3. Demonstrate the correct calculation of an IV flow rate.
  4. Identify methods of infection control related to IV therapy.
  5. List the components of accurate and complete documentation of IV procedures and complications.
  6. Demonstrate IV and Infusion related procedures.

Objectives for Section 3: Central Lines

  1. List reasons for use and advantages of central lines.
  2. List veins used for central venous device placement and proper tip position.
  3. Identify the various types of central lines.
  4. Identify symptoms and prevention of CVAD related complications.
  5. Describe assessment criteria and documentation required for patients with central venous catheters.

Curriculum

Section 1 - West Virginia Legalities of Infusion Therapy

Chapter 1: Nursing Regulations and State Boards of Nursing

  • Boards of Nursing
  • Nurse Practice Acts
  • Licensure

Chapter 2: West Virginia State Board of Nursing

  • Mission
  • Board Meetings
  • West Virginia Board of Nursing Bulletin

Chapter 3: West Virginia Nurse Practice Act

  • Nurse Licensure Compact

Chapter 4: West Virginia Scope of Practice

  • Licensed Vocational Nurse Scope of Practice
  • Registered Nurse Scope of Practice
  • Advanced Practice Registered Nurse Scope of Practice

Chapter 5: Position Statements

Chapter 6: Standards of Nursing Practice

  • General Standards
  • LPN Standards
  • RN Standards

Chapter 7: Section References

Section 2 - Basics of Peripheral IV Therapy

Chapter 8: Legal Issues

  • Regulatory Agencies and Governing Bodies 
  • Components of a Complete Order 
  • Legal Terms and Applications 
  • Protective Measures for Guarding Against Malpractice Lawsuits

Chapter 9: Anatomy and Physiology

  • The Vascular System: Veins, Arteries and Bone Marrow 
  • The Three Layers of the Vessels and Their Function 
  • Differentiating Arteries from Veins
  • Veins Used in Peripheral Intravenous Therapy for Pediatrics and Adults
  • Intraosseous
  • Skin  Anatomy and Physiology

Chapter 10: Psychological Needs of the IV Patient

  • Age Specific Needs
  • Elderly Patient Needs 
  • Cultural Aspects
  • Patients with Sensory Deficits 
  • Methods of Reducing Patient Anxiety 
  • Patient Teaching/Education

Chapter 11: Fluid and Electrolyte Balance

  • Water: The Primary Fluid of the Body
  • Hypovolemia - Dehydration: Assessment, Causes, Treatments 
  • Hypervolemia - Fluid Overload: Assessment, Causes, Treatments 
  • Fluid Compartments
  • Electrolyte Imbalances: Assessment, Causes, Treatments

Chapter 12: pH, Osmolality and Incompatibilities of Solutions and Medications

  • pH of Intravenous Solutions and Medications
  • Tonicity: Isotonic Solutions, Hypotonic Solutions and Hypertonic Solutions Incompatibilities

Chapter 13: Fluid Regulation

  • Methods of Fluid Regulation
  • Patient Considerations in Fluid Regulation
  • External Factors that Affect the Rate of Flow 
  • Calculation of IV flow Rates

Chapter 14: Infection Prevention and Safety Compliance

  • Hand Hygiene
  • Sharps Management
  • Medical Waste Disposal
  • Durable Medical Equipment Disinfection
  • Standard Precautions
  • Transmission-Based Precautions

Chapter 15: Vascular Visualization

  • Trans-illuminator Technology
  • Near Infrared Technology
  • Ultrasound

Chapter 16: Site Selection and Device Placement

  • Criteria For Peripheral Devices
  • 3 Types of Peripheral Access And Criteria For Placement
  • Special Considerations of The Specific Age Groups
  • General Considerations of Short Peripheral Access 
  • Veins to Avoid

Chapter 17: Vascular Access Device Management

  • Needleless Connectors
  • Filtration
  • Add-on Devices
  • VAD Stabilization
  • Joint Stabilization
  • Site Protection
  • Flushing and Locking
  • Assessment, Care, and Dressing Changes
  • Administration Set Changes

Chapter 18: Complications

  • Local Complications 
  • Hematoma
  • Infiltration
  • Extravasation
  • Phlebitis
  • Site Infection
  • Catheter Occlusion
  • MARSI
  • Nerves - Avoiding Damage
  • Compartment Syndrome Systemic Complications

Chapter 19: Procedures Guides and Videos

  • Pre-insertion Procedures
  • Peripheral IV Insertion
  • Primary and Secondary Administration Set-up
  • IV Push Administration
  • Catheter Discontinuation

Chapter 20: Assessment and Documentation

  • Catheter Insertion Documentation 
  • Catheter Removal Documentation
  • Assessment, Monitoring and Documentation by Therapy

Chapter 21: Peripheral IV Resources

  • Skill Competency Checklists
  • Peripheral IV Insertion
  • Medication Administration
  • Large Volume Electronic Infusion Device
  • IV Push
  • Administration of Infusate via an Ambulatory Infusion Pump

Section 3 - Current Practice’s in the Management of Central Lines

Chapter 22: Central Line Review

  • Definition of a Central Line
  • Reasons for use of a central line
  • Advantages of a central line
  • Overview of Central Venous Access Devices
  • Lumens
  • Non‐valved and valved catheters
  • Non‐tunneled catheters
  • Tunneled catheters
  • Implanted ports
  • PICC or Peripherally Inserted Central Catheter

Chapter 23: Anatomy

  • Veins used for placement of central venous access devices
  • Catheter tip placement

Chapter 24: Assessment and Preparations for Central Venous Catheterization

  • Considerations for selection of the device
  • Preparations for central venous catheterization

Chapter 25: Vascular Access Device Management

  • Needleless Connectors
  • Filtration
  • Add-On Devices
  • CVAD Stabilization
  • Site Protection
  • Flushing and Locking
  • Assessment, Care, and Dressing Changes
  • Administration Set Changes
  • Blood Sampling from a CVAD

Chapter 26: Procedure Guides and Videos

  • Central venous catheter dressing change
  • Needleless access device change
  • Central venous catheter flushing
  • Blood Sampling from a CVAD

Chapter 27: CVAD Complications

  • Catheter related complications
  • Systemic complications
  • Insertion related complications

Chapter 28: Discontinuation of Therapy

  • Removal of devices
  • Central venous access device removal procedure

Chapter 29: CVAD Assessment and Documentation and Patient Education

  • Documentation of insertions, removal, infiltration or extravasations
  • Assessment, monitoring, documentation by type of therapy

Chapter 30: CVAD Resources

  • Skill Check-Off Lists
    • Accessing a Port
    • Administration of Infusate Via an Ambulatory Infusion Pump
    • Blood Specimen Collection From a CVAD
    • De-accessing an Implanted Port
    • IV Push
    • Large Volume Electronic Infusion Device
    • Medication Administration
    • Midline or Central Line Dressing Change
    • Needleless Connector Device Change
    • Removal of a Non-Tunneled Catheter
  • California Bill 241
  • Implicit Bias in Healthcare
  • What is Implicit Bias?
  • Implications of Implicit Bias in Healthcare
  • How to Reduce Implicit Bias

Price: $112.50

Contact Hours: 14

Course Author

Capra Garrison

Capra Garrison, Registered Nurse, has more than 33 years of experience in infusion therapy and the instruction of licensed nurses in infusion therapy continuing education. Her experience comes from multiple infusion settings: acute care, ambulatory infusion centers, home infusion, long term care continuing education provider, and long term care pharmacy quality assurance consultant.

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