South Dakota IV Therapy Education

This course is designed to fulfill the educational requirements of the South Dakota State Board of Nursing as it pertains to the practice of IV therapy. Each state board has differing requirements that the nurse must meet regarding infusion therapies. The nurse must be aware of the rules provided by the board for the state in which they practice.

In early 2021, the Infusion Nurses Society (INS), recognized as the global authority in infusion therapy, released the updated Infusion Therapy Standards of Practice. The INS sets the accepted standards for infusion therapy practice for all healthcare settings. This course is based on the current best practices as defined by the Infusion Nursing Society and other governing agencies such as the CDC, and FDA.

This course offers 14.00 contact hours of continuing nurse education (CEU/CNE). Certificates of Completion are instantly available to print after successful completion of each course with an exam score of 80% or greater. For courses where relevant skills are required, skills check-off lists are available at the end of each course to print and complete with a qualified preceptor.

Have questions? Check out our FAQs page and our page, How Online IV Certification Works. If you need to purchase IV education for your staff, see our Learning Management System page for more information and instructions on how to get started. We offer bulk discounts!

Objectives

Section 1 - South Dakota Legalities of Infusion Therapy 

Upon completion of this section, the participant will be able to:

  1. Name 3 specific IV related tasks the South Dakota BON states may not be performed by licensed practical nurses.
  2. Identify the role of the registered nurse and in the performance of IV Therapy.
  3. Discuss principles of delegation.
Section 2 - Peripheral IV Therapy

Upon completion of this section, the participant will be able to:
  1. List specific measures that will protect against malpractice suits.
  2. Describe the differences in a vein and artery.
  3. List the veins used to deliver peripheral IV therapy in adults and older adults.
  4. State the signs, symptoms, treatment and prevention of nerve damage related to IV therapy.
  5. Describe the signs, symptoms, causes, treatment and prevention of hyper/hypovolemia.
  6. State the causes and treatments of electrolyte imbalances.
  7. Describe how each solution: isotonic, hypotonic and hypertonic, effects the recipient.
  8. Identify methods of fluid regulation.
  9. List external factors that can influence the rate of flow.
  10. Demonstrate the correct calculation of an IV flow rate.
  11. Identify methods of infection control related to IV therapy.
  12. State the appropriate peripheral device for the therapy ordered.
  13. List the 3 types of peripheral devices.
  14. List the veins to avoid for peripheral access in the adult and older adult.
  15. Identify complications of IV therapy, their causes, preventions and treatments.

Section 3 - Central Venous Access Devices

Upon completion of this course, the participant will be able to:
  1. Describe protective measures to guard against malpractice suits.
  2. List reasons for use and advantages of central lines.
  3. List veins used for central venous device placement and proper tip position.
  4. Identify the various types of central lines.
  5. Identify symptoms and prevention of complications.
  6. Describe assessment criteria and documentation required for patients with central venous catheters.

Curriculum

Section 1 - South Dakota Legalities of Infusion Therapy

This section of the South Dakota IV Therapy curriculum guides facilities, organizations, and all licensed nurses regarding the board’s guidelines pertaining to infusion therapy practices.  This course will guide you through the South Dakota State Board of Nursing website to all documents that impact the provision of infusion therapies by nurses.  It is always recommended that the Board’s website be checked independently as any state board can append, amend, and change the rules and regulations that nurses are expected to follow.

Chapter 1: Nursing Regulations and State Boards of Nursing

  • Boards of Nursing
  • Nurse Practice Acts
  • Licensure

Chapter 2: South Dakota State Board of Nursing

  • Mission
  • Board Meetings
  • Journal

Chapter 3: Nurse Practice Act

  • Statutes and Rules

Chapter 4: Scope of Practice

Chapter 5: Delegation

Chapter 6: Advisory Statements or Opinions

  • Advisory statements pertaining to intravascular and infusion therapies


Section 2 - Peripheral IV Therapy

This section of the South Dakota IV Therapy curriculum has been written to provide basic conceptual and operational knowledge to healthcare clinicians who have had limited exposure to infusion therapy principals and practice.  As the science of infusion therapy advances and technology expands, it is imperative that all healthcare clinicians and nurses practicing infusion therapy remain current in their knowledge of infusion therapies, principles, techniques, equipment and the latest in infusion evidence based practices. 

Chapter 7: Legal Issues

  • Regulatory Agencies and Governing Bodies 
  • Components of a Complete Physicians Order 
  • Legal Terms and Applications in Nursing
  • Protective Measures for Guarding against Malpractice Lawsuits

Chapter 8: Anatomy and Physiology

  • The Vascular System: Veins, Arteries and Bone Marrow 
  • The Three Layers of the Vessels and Their Function 
  • Differentiating Arteries from Veins
  • Veins used in Peripheral Intravenous Therapy for Pediatrics and Adults
  • Intraosseous
  • Skin: Anatomy and Physiology

Chapter 9: Psychological Needs of the IV Patient

  • Age Specific Needs of Children
  • Elderly Patient Needs 
  • Cultural Aspects
  • Patients with Sensory Deficits 
  • Methods of Reducing Patient Anxiety 
  • Patient Teaching/Education

Chapter 10: Fluid and Electrolyte Balance

  • Water: The Primary Fluid of the Body
  • Hypovolemia—Dehydration: Assessment, Causes, Treatments 
  • Hypervolemia—Fluid Overload: Assessment, Causes, Treatments 
  • Fluid Compartments
  • Electrolyte Imbalances: Assessment, Causes, Treatments

Chapter 11: pH, Tonicity, Compatibility

  • pH of Intravenous Solutions and Medications
  • Tonicity: Isotonic solutions, Hypotonic solutions and Hypertonic Solutions Incompatibilities

Chapter 12: Fluid Regulation

  • Methods of Fluid Regulation
  • Patient Considerations in Fluid Regulation
  • External Factors that Affect the Rate of Flow 
  • Calculation of IV flow rates

Chapter 13: Infection Prevention and Safety Compliance

  • Hand Hygiene
  • Sharps Management
  • Medical Waste Disposal
  • Durable Medical Equipment Disinfection
  • Standard Precautions
  • Transmission-Based Precautions

Chapter 14: Vascular Visualization

  • Trans-iluminator Technology
  • Near Infrared Technology
  • Ultrasound

Chapter 15: Site Selection and Device Placement

  • Criteria For Peripheral Devices
  • 3 Types Of Peripheral Access And Criteria For Placement
  • Special Considerations Of The Specific Age Groups
  • General Considerations Of Short Peripheral Access 
  • Veins To Avoid

Chapter 16: Vascular Access Device Management

  • Needleless Connectors
  • Filtration
  •  Add-on Devices
  • VAD Stabilization
  • Joint Stabilization
  • Site Protection
  • Flushing and Locking
  • Assessment, Care, and Dressing Changes
  • Administration Set Changes

Chapter 17: Procedures Guides and Videos

  • Pre-insertion Procedures
  • Peripheral IV Insertion
  •  Primary and Secondary Administration set-up
  • IV Push Administration
  •  Catheter Discontinuation

Chapter 18: Assessment and Documentation

  •  Catheter Insertion Documentation
  •  Catheter Removal Documentation
  •  Assessment, Monitoring and Documentation by Therapy


Section 3 - Central Venous Access Devices

This section of the South Dakota’s IV Therapy curriculum has been written to provide current conceptual and operational knowledge to the licensed nurse responsible for the care of patients with central venous access devices. Ever changing technologies and the evolution of the licensed nurse’s role in the management of central lines requires up to date knowledge of changes in techniques, equipment and devices in use today. This section of the course contains current practices for best patient outcomes.

Chapter 19: Central Venous Access Device Review

  • Definition of a Central Line
    • Reasons for use of a central line
    • Advantages of a central line
  • Overview of Central Venous Access Devices
    • Lumens
    • Non‐valved and valved catheters
    • Non‐tunneled catheters
    • Tunneled catheters
    • Implanted ports
    • PICC or Peripherally Inserted Central Catheter

Chapter 20: CVAD Anatomy

  • Veins used for placement of central venous access devices
  • Catheter tip placement

Chapter 21: CVAD Assessment and Preparations

  • Considerations for selection of the device
  • Preparations for central venous catheterization

Chapter 22: CVAD Management

  • Needleless Connectors
  • Filtration
  • Add-On Devices
  • CVAD Stabilization
  • Site Protection
  • Flushing and Locking
  • Assessment, Care, and Dressing Changes
  • Administration Set Changes
  • Blood Sampling from a CVAD

Chapter 23: CVAD Procedure Guides and Videos

  • Central venous catheter dressing change
  • Needleless access device change
  • Central venous catheter flushing
  • Blood Sampling from a CVAD

Chapter 24: Peripheral and CVAD Complications

  • Catheter related complications
  • Systemic complications
  • Insertion related complications

Chapter 25: Discontinuation of Therapy

  • Removal of devices
  • Central venous access device removal procedure

Chapter 26: Assessment, Documentation and Patient Education

  • Documentation of insertions, removal, infiltration or extravasations
  • Assessment, monitoring, documentation by type of therapy

Chapter 27: Resources

  • Skill Check-off Lists:
    • Medication Administration via Primary Continuous or Intermittent Infusion
    • Large Volume Electronic Infusion Device
    • Peripheral IV Catheter Insertion
    • IV Push
    • Accessing a Port
    • Administration of Infusate via an Ambulatory Infusion Pump
    • Blood specimen collection from a CVAD
    • De-accessing an Implanted Port
    • Large Volume Electronic Infusion Device
    • Midline or Central Line Dressing Change
    • Needleless Connector Device Change
  • California Bill 241
  • Implicit Bias in Healthcare
  • What is Implicit Bias?
  • Implications of Implicit Bias in Healthcare
  • How to Reduce Implicit Bias

Price: $112.50

Contact Hours: 14

Course Author

Capra Garrison

Capra Garrison, Registered Nurse, has more than 33 years of experience in infusion therapy and the instruction of licensed nurses in infusion therapy continuing education. Her experience comes from multiple infusion settings: acute care, ambulatory infusion centers, home infusion, long term care continuing education provider, and long term care pharmacy quality assurance consultant.

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