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Pamela Clark

Pamela Clark, CRNI, is an infusion nurse with the Houston Methodist Sugar Land Hospital.  She has more than 35 years of experience in infusion therapy and infusion education with both licensed nurses and patients. Her experience spans multiple infusion settings including: acute care, long-term care, home infusion, and ambulatory infusion care. She also has experience in oncology and oncology research.

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Class Accreditation
All states (with the exception of Hawaii) recognize our courses for accredited continuing nursing education, CNE, contact hours.

Provider approved by the California Board of Registered Nursing, Provider # CEP 15467.

This document must be retained by the licensee for a period of four years after the course concludes.

Provider approved by the AR, DC, FL, GA, SC Boards of Nursing, CE Broker Tracking #20-626674, CE Provider #: 50-13256. 

Course provides 1.00 contact hours.
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Drug Misuse, Abuse and Diversion for West Virginia Healthcare Professionals

Contact Hours: 1
Cost: $10.00
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Drug Misuse, Abuse and Diversion for West Virginia Healthcare Professionals
Nurses practicing in West Virginia are required, by law, to complete at least 3 contact hours of continuing education on the subject of prescription drug abuse and diversion initially and at least one contact hour every year thereafter. In order to satisfy the initial CE requirement, this course should be completed in combination with another course of at least two contact hours such as Pedagogy’s Current Concepts in Pain Management. The combination provides both general knowledge regarding pain management and West Virginia’s specific efforts to curb prescription substance abuse. This course meets the one contact-hour annual requirement for healthcare professionals who prescribe, dispense, and/or administer Schedule II – IV controlled substances and may be completed as a stand-alone course for that purpose.


Upon completion of this course, the participant will be able to:

1. Explain the provisions of Senate Bill 437
2. Identify at least 3 factors that contributed to the rise of opioid use
3. Identify at least 5 patient addiction behaviors
4. Identify at least 5 additional healthcare professional addiction behaviors
5. Explain the provisions of The Impaired Nurse Treatment Program (INTP)
6. Identify the 10 steps of Pain Management Universal Precautions
7. Discuss appropriate patient education regarding prescription drugs
8. Recognize at least 5 DEA “Red Flags” as it relates to drug misuse and/or diversion


Chapter 1: Introduction
Chapter 2: Legal Requirements
Chapter 3: Naloxone
Chapter 4: Rise of Opioid Abuse
Chapter 5: Avenues for Abuse/Diversion
Chapter 6: Patient Addiction Behaviors
Chapter 7: Healthcare Addiction Behaviors
Chapter 8: The Addicted Nurse
Chapter 9: Pain Management Universal Precautions
Chapter 10: Patient Education
Chapter 11: DEA “Red Flags”
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