Organ Trafficking and Transplant Tourism Awareness for the Healthcare Professional

In our modern time, we have witnessed great discovery and expansion in the field of transplant medicine, with the first successful kidney transplant taking place in 1954 between identical twins followed by successful heart and liver transplants in 1967. However, the demand for organs, especially kidneys, has also steadily increased. Such a shortage of legal organ donation has led to the establishment of organized criminal networks involved in what is referred to as Organ Trafficking. These networks include brokers, physicians, hospital administrators, nurses, and other health professionals who practice outside of the law. Organ trafficking or trafficking in persons for the purpose of organ removal is one component of human trafficking. Persons trafficked for the purposes of commercial sexual and labor exploitation are often composed of the same vulnerable populations that are victimized by organ trafficking.


Upon completion of this course participants will be able to:

  1. Define organ trafficking as a form of human trafficking.
  2. Interpret factors associated with the occurrence of organ trafficking and transplant tourism.
  3. Identify concepts of global supply and demand for organ transplantation.
  4. Outline strategies for identifying persons involved in organ trafficking and transplant tourism.
  5. Explain methods of intervention of persons involved in organ trafficking and transplant tourism.
  6. Discuss the consequences of inaction by the healthcare professional.


Chapter 1: Introduction – The Origin of the Problem: A Matter of Economics

  • Supply and Demand
  • The Solution
  • Organ Trafficking: A Global Battle

Chapter 2: Organ Trafficking & Health Care

  • Overview of Organ Trafficking &n Health Care
  • Victim Identity Crisis

Chapter 3: Human Trafficking Victim Assessment Guidelines

  • Patient Interview
  • Physical Assessment
  • Victim Identification
  • Summary of Human Trafficking Victim, Assessment Guidelines

Chapter 4: The Transplant Tourist

  • Overview of the “Transplant Tourist”
  • Spotting a Tourist
  • Intervention 

Chapter 5: After the Tour

  • Responsibility of the Health Care Provider
  • Patient Response
  • Summary of After the Tour

Chapter 6: Conclusions and References

  • Conclusion: Organ Trafficking and Transplant Tourism
  • Glossary of Terms
  • References: Organ Trafficking and Transplant Tourism for
  • Medical Professionals
  • California Bill 241
  • Implicit Bias in Healthcare
  • What is Implicit Bias?
  • Implications of Implicit Bias in Healthcare
  • How to Reduce Implicit Bias

Price: $30.00

Contact Hours: 3

Course Author

HTRSD is a provider of continuing education training focused on human trafficking and other social disparities for health care providers, as well as courses that address nurses' health and well-being and under-served topics in advanced critical care.

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