Diabetes Medications

This course has made the assumption that the person with diabetes has trialed lifestyle modifications but still demonstrates elevated lab work as it relates to diabetes. The AACE (American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists) publishes medical approaches of treatment to various types of age groups, types of diabetes, high risk groups, hospital vs home management to name a few.

This course presents the medications used in the treatment of non-pregnant, adult people with T2D (Type 2 diabetes). Insulin therapies are then described which would apply to either people with Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes. The medications described throughout the module are those that are FDA-approved as of the publication of this course.

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Upon completion of this course, the participant will be able to:

  1. Describe the pathophysiology associated with Type 2 diabetes.
  2. Discuss the actions of the medications with regards to how they counteract the pathophysiologic changes of diabetes.
  3. Identify which class of medications could cause hypoglycemia.
  4. Discuss the concepts of hypoglycemia.
  5. Briefly describe the functions of insulin pump therapy.
  6. Discuss an overview of inhaled insulin therapy.


Chapter 1: Overview of Pathophysiology and Treatment Goals

  • Beta cell hypertrophy
  • Insulin resistance
  • Hepatic secretion of glucose

Chapter 2: Oral Anti-Diabetic Medications

  • Biguanides
  • GLP-1 RA
  • SGLT-2i
  • TZD
  • AGi
  • SU/GLN

Chapter 3: Insulin Therapies

  • Long-Acting
  • Intermediate-Acting
  • Short-Acting
  • Rapid-Acting
  • Pump Therapy
  • Inhaled 
  • Hypoglycemia

Chapter 4: References

  • California Bill 241
  • Implicit Bias in Healthcare
  • What is Implicit Bias?
  • Implications of Implicit Bias in Healthcare
  • How to Reduce Implicit Bias

Price: $12.00

Contact Hour: 1

Course Author

Carol Knauff

Carol Knauff, MSN, RN, CCRN is a Registered since 1978. Carol is currently the Patient Care Manager for St. Luke’s Endoscopy Center- Buxmont in Sellersville PA.  Areas of expertise include: critical care, gastroenterology, diabetes care and gerontology nursing. She is active in bedside nursing, administrative and education roles. She has been active faculty for multiple universities and private nursing education companies.

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