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Pamela Clark

Pamela Clark, CRNI, is an infusion nurse with the Houston Methodist Sugar Land Hospital.  She has more than 35 years of experience in infusion therapy and infusion education with both licensed nurses and patients. Her experience spans multiple infusion settings including: acute care, long-term care, home infusion, and ambulatory infusion care. She also has experience in oncology and oncology research.


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Class Accreditation
This provider/course has been approved by the Maine Board of Nursing.
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Maine IV Therapy Education

Contact Hours: 14
Cost: $325.00
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Maine IV Therapy Education

The Maine IV Therapy Course curriculum has been designed to fulfill the Maine Board of Nursing’s education components required for the Licensed Practical Nurse to practice infusion therapy. The Maine Board of Nursing has delineated very specific content to be included in the LPN infusion education curriculum and specifics may be viewed in the Maine BON Laws and  Rules, Chapter 10: Regulations Relating to Administration of Intravenous Therapy by Licensed Nurses.   This comprehensive online education program meets the Maine Board of Nursing IV Therapy requirements for LPN’s, as well as, provides an excellent refresher course for the Registered Nurse or as a primer for new RN’s.  

In early 2016, the Infusion Nurses Society (INS), recognized as the global authority in infusion therapy, released the updated Infusion Therapy Standards of Practice. The INS establishes the accepted standards for infusion therapy practice for all healthcare settings, and for all healthcare clinicians providing infusion therapies and vascular access, addressing the needs of special patient populations.  This course is based on the current best practices as defined by the Infusion Nursing Society and other governing agencies such as the CDC, and FDA.

This 20-hour continuing education course provides a low stress, convenient method of obtaining quality infusion education incorporating various educational techniques designed for the adult learner. The program is comprised of a 14-hour didactic portion completed on your time schedule. A passing score of 80% or greater is required to move on to the laboratory practice portion of the course. 

The participant is also required to register for the individualized 2.5 hour laboratory practice portion with New England Vascular Access (NEVA). NEVA will provide the participant with hands-on instruction and skill competency evaluations, as required by the Maine Board of Nursing.

Within the course content, the participant is provided a complete set of skill competency checklists for completion of the 5.5 hours of supervised clinical practice, including at least three (3) observed, successful venipunctures or until proficiency is determined acceptable and competency has been validated through the facility’s competency assessment program. The 5.5 supervised clinical practice and competency verifications are completed by a Maine licensed registered nurse preceptor, when guided and supported by the LPN’s facility policies. 

After successful completion of the didactic portion of the course, you may CLICK HERE to register for the skills portion of the module. Please select Maine LPN IV Therapy Part 2, when registering for the skill portion of this course.




Objectives


Upon completion of this course, the participant should be able to:

  1. Identify the legal scope of practice and accountability of the licensed practical nurse in the administration of intravenous therapy.
  2. State the underlying reasons for the administration of intravenous therapy.
  3. Describe the anatomy and physiology of the peripheral and central venous cardiovascular system as it relates to intravenous therapy.
  4. Demonstrate correct care and maintenance of the central venous catheter including tunneled, non tunneled, implanted vascular access devices and peripherally inserted central lines. Care and maintenance of the central venous catheter includes dressing changes, flushing lines, tubing and solution changes per facility/organization policy. 
  5. Identify the nursing responsibilities when safely administering intravenous therapy.
  6. State the principles of aseptic technique when performing intravenous therapy and the use of standard precaution procedures.
  7. Demonstrate correct intravenous insertion and removal techniques of peripheral lines (Insertion and removal of peripheral lines for the adult patient does not include midlines and midclaviculars.) 
  8. Demonstrate steps to safely administer intravenous fluids.
  9. Demonstrate steps to safely administer intravenous fluids containing medications that have been prepared and labeled by the pharmacist, registered nurse, physician, dentist or manufacturer.
  10. Demonstrate steps to safely reconstitute and administer unit dose medication for I.V. therapy.
  11. State the instructions that should be given to a patient receiving intravenous therapy.
  12. List potential local and systemic complications of intravenous therapy as well as preventive measures and treatment.

Curriculum


This course is designed to meet all the requirements for knowledge inclusion set forth by the Maine Board of Nursing outline as listed below:


(1) Unit I Legal Aspects 

a. Describe the role and accountability of the licensed practical nurse in intravenous therapy administration in the State of Maine, as defined in Section 1, sub-section C (Category II) of this chapter
b. Describe the intravenous therapy policies of the employing health care facility

(2) Unit II Anatomy and Physiology

a. Describe the differences between a vein and an artery
b. Describe the anatomical hazards associated with venipuncture
c. Identify appropriate upper extremity sites for venipunctures
d. Identify peripheral and central vein locations
e. Identify location of central venous catheters

(3) Unit III asepsis
a. Theory

 i. state the principles of aseptic technique applicable to administration of intravenous therapy
 ii. identify potential complications with breach of aseptic technique in intravenous therapy administration
 iii. describe the signs and symptoms of each potential complication
 iv. describe the appropriate nursing intervention for each potential complication
 v. describe the use of standard precautions applicable to the administration of intravenous therapy

b. Clinical

 i. demonstrate aseptic technique
 ii. demonstrate the use of personal protective equipment, engineering controls and procedures related to standard precautions
 iii. demonstrate competency in central venous dressing change

(4) Unit IV Equipment

a. Theory

 i. describe equipment used for intravenous therapy
 ii. state indications for the use of each

b. Clinical

 i. demonstrate correct use and proper maintenance of equipment

(5) Unit V Insertion and Removal

a. Theory

 i. state the principles of intravenous insertion and removal

b. Clinical

 i. demonstrate competency in venipuncture technique
 ii. demonstrate competency in removal of a peripheral intravenous device
 iii. demonstrate competency in inserting and removing a huber needle from an implanted venous access device

(6) Unit VI Administration of Intravenous Fluids
a. Theory

i. state the main reasons for administration of intravenous fluids
ii. identify the types of intravenous fluids and indications for use
iii. identify potential local and systemic complications with intravenous fluid administration
iv. define the role of the licensed practical nurse in the prevention and treatment of complications

 b. Clinical

i. demonstrate measures to be taken to prepare intravenous fluids for administration 

ii. demonstrate competency in administering, regulating and maintaining intravenous fluids

 

 (7) Unit VII Administration of Intravenous Drugs
a. Theory

 i. list the advantages and disadvantages of the intravenous route for drug administration
 ii. review the pharmacologic aspects of the major classifications of drugs in intravenous therapy
 iii. identify the types of drug incompatibilities
 iv. identify resources for determining drug incompatibilities
 v. define the role of the licensed practical nurse in intravenous drug administration

 b. Clinical

 i. demonstrate safe practice in administering intravenous fluids containing drugs

 (8) Unit VIII Patient Education

a. Theory

 i. identify the content of a teaching program for patients receiving intravenous therapy

 b. Clinical

 i. reinforce patient instructions on aspects of intravenous therapy using principles of teaching


 (9) Unit IX Documentation in Administration of Intravenous Therapy
 a. Theory

 i. identify the data to be documented

 b. Clinical

 i. record accurately the care and observations during intravenous therapy

 
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