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Capra Garrison

Capra Garrison, Registered Nurse, has more than 33 years of experience in infusion therapy and the instruction of licensed nurses in infusion therapy continuing education. Her experience comes from multiple infusion settings: acute care, ambulatory infusion centers, home infusion, long term care continuing education provider, and long term care pharmacy quality assurance consultant.

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Class Accreditation
The AVIR is a Recognized Continuing Education Evaluation Mechanism (RCEEM) for the American Registry of Radiologic Technologists (ARRT). This educational activity is approved by the AVIR for ARRT Category A+ Credit for 10.00 contact hours. (AVIR REF# AVIR191010R).CE Approval date 10/09/2019, expires 10/09/2021.
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I.V. Education and Venipuncture Certification for Radiology Technologist

Contact Hours: 10
Cost: $115.00
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I.V. Education and Venipuncture Certification for Radiology Technologist
This I.V. education & venipuncture certification course has been designed to provide basic conceptual and operational knowledge to Radiology Technicians who have had limited exposure to infusion therapy principals and practice. As the science of infusion therapy advances and technology expands, it is imperative that all healthcare clinicians practicing infusion therapy remain current in their knowledge of infusion therapies, principles, techniques, equipment and the latest in infusion evidence based practices. 

Intravenous administration of contrast materials in the radiology setting brings forth another aspect to intravenous protocols and procedures. A Radiology Technologist may administer intravenous contrast media under the general supervision of a physician. In order to provide for the safe administration of contrast media, those persons administering contrast media and those performing the diagnostic imaging procedures must have an understanding of the indications for use of contrast media, the equipment needed for safe administration, as well as the potential risks and side effects and its management. These can all be provided with adequate I.V. education.

Many governing boards require the Radiology Technologist to have infusion therapy and venipuncture education after licensure. These requirements vary by state and governing board. This course provides 10 hours of didactic education and complies with California Health & Safety Code 106986, Section 27; Senate Bill No. 1199and includes First Aid education.

The participant if practicing in California must also have a valid and current cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) education. 

Competency requirements are obtained and maintained through the healthcare provider's employer, facility or institution, with a preceptor. The number of times a procedure must be repeated to demonstrate competency will be determined by the employer or as stipulated by the governing agency of the profession.  Pedagogy has developed skills competency checklists for all infusion related procedures and these are available in the course, for print out and completion with a preceptor.

Videos are included as a teaching component of this course and the participant will be required to have available access to YouTube to view the videos.


Upon completion of this course, the participant will be able to:

  • Identify infusion related complications, causes and appropriate treatment
  • Identify methods of infection control related to IV therapy
  • Demonstrate IV insertion, catheter removal, and Infusion related procedures
  • Review anatomy and physiology of the vessels used for the administration of contrast media
  • List the appropriate steps in establishing an I.V. infusion
  • List the standard components of an anti-anaphylaxis tray
  • List appropriate treatments of contrast media reactions
  • Describe and demonstrate how to control different types of bleeding
  • Describe and demonstrate how to assess, recognize, and treat different types of wounds
  • Recognize basic elements of common injuries and emergencies
  • Recognize and respond to common illnesses


Section One-I.V. Education and Venipuncture

Chapter 1: Legal Issues

Senate Bill No. 1199; An act to amend Section 106985 of the Health and Safety Code, relating to radiologic technologists.
Regulatory Agencies and Governing Bodies 
Components of a Complete Order 
Legal Terms and Applications 
Protective Measures for Guarding Against Malpractice Lawsuits

Chapter 2: Anatomy and Physiology

The Vascular System: Veins, Arteries and Bone Marrow 
The Three Layers of the Vessels and Their Function 
Differentiating Arteries from Veins
Veins Used in Peripheral Intravenous Therapy for Pediatrics and Adults
Skin‐‐ Anatomy and Physiology

Chapter 3:  Psychological Needs of the IV Patient
Age Specific Needs
Elderly Patient Needs 
Cultural Aspects
Patients with Sensory Deficits 
Methods of Reducing Patient Anxiety 
Patient Teaching/Education

Chapter 4: Fluid and Electrolyte Balance
Water: The Primary Fluid of the Body
Hypovolemia—Dehydration: Assessment, Causes, Treatments 
Hypervolemia—Fluid Overload: Assessment, Causes, Treatments 
Fluid Compartments
Electrolyte Imbalances: Assessment, Causes, Treatments

Chapter 5: pH, Osmolality and Incompatibilities of Solutions and Medications
pH of Intravenous Solutions and Medications
Tonicity: Isotonic Solutions, Hypotonic Solutions and Hypertonic Solutions Incompatibilities
Contrast Agent Osmolaility

Chapter 6: Fluid Regulation
Methods of Fluid Regulation
Patient Considerations in Fluid Regulation
External Factors that Affect the Rate of Flow 
Calculation of IV flow Rates

Chapter 7: Infection Prevention and Safety Compliance
Hand Hygiene
Sharps Management
Medical Waste Disposal
Durable Medical Equipment Disinfection
Standard Precautions
Transmission-Based Precautions

Chapter 8: Vascular Visualization
Trans-illuminator Technology
Near Infrared Technology

Chapter 9: Site Selection and Device Placement
Criteria For Peripheral Devices
3 Types of Peripheral Access And Criteria For Placement
Special Considerations of The Specific Age Groups
General Considerations of Short Peripheral Access 
Veins to Avoid

Chapter 10:  Vascular Access Device Management
Needleless Connectors
Add-on Devices
VAD Stabilization
Joint Stabilization
Site Protection
Flushing and Locking
Assessment, Care, and Dressing Changes
Administration Set Changes

Chapter 11: Complications
Local Complications 
Site Infection
Catheter Occlusion
Nerves—Avoiding Damage
Compartment Syndrome
Systemic Complications

Chapter 12: Procedures Guides and Videos
Pre-insertion Procedures
Peripheral IV Insertion
Primary/Hydration Administration Set-up
Catheter Discontinuation

Chapter 13: Assessment and Documentation
Catheter Insertion Documentation 
Catheter Removal Documentation
Assessment, Monitoring and Documentation 

Chapter 14: Treatment of Contrast Reactions

Identifying Mild, Moderate and Severe Reactions
Acute Contrast Reaction Management
Anti-Anaphylaxis Trays

Chapter 15: Resources
Skill Competency Checklists to be completed with a preceptor
Peripheral IV Insertion
Large Volume Electronic Infusion Device
IV Push

Section 2: Basic First Aid

 Chapter 16: Introduction

What you will learn
Course objectives
What is first aid?
First aid terms

Responsive versus unresponsive person


Agonal gasps

•Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR)
•Automatic External Defibrillator (AED)
•Phone for Help

Chapter 17: Basic First Aid
Roles and responsibilities
Your role
Giving first aid

•First aid kit
•Automatic external defibrillator (aed)
•Good samaritan laws

How to respond to an emergency?

•Is the scene safe?
•When to call
•Who should help

Universal precautions

•Donning and removing gloves

Steps to handwashing

•Soap and water
•Hand sanitizer

Recognizing an emergency

•Moving the ill or injured
•Foot drag
•Shoulder drag
•Blanket drag

Section Review

Chapter 18: Emergencies
Type of emergencies

•Signs of a stroke
•Learn more about strokes
•What do I do?


•What do I do?
•What type of first aid?
•Bleeding from the mouth

Heart attack

•Signs and symptoms
•Chest discomfort
•Symptoms vary between men and women
•What do I do?


•Signs and symptoms
•What do i do?

Allergic reactions

•Signs and symptoms
•What do I do?

Breathing difficulties

•What is a rescue inhaler?
•How to assemble and use and inhaler


•Signs and symptoms
•Low blood sugar
•What do I do?

Section Review

Chapter 19: Injuries
Head, neck, and back injuries

•Signs and symptoms
•What do i do?
•Neck and back

Burns and electrical injuries

•Electrical injuries

Nose bleed
Internal and external bleeding

•What do I do?
•Signs of shock

Sprains, strains, and broken bones

•Broken bones

Section Review

Chapter 20: Environmental Emergencies

Animal bites, snake bites, and bee stings

Heat related problems

•Heat cramp
•Heat exhaustion
•Heat stroke

Cold related problems

•Frost bite
•What do I do?


•Emergency action for poisoning
•First steps after an accidental exposure
•Information the poison center specialist will need

Eye injury
Section Review

Chapter 21: References

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