The Correctional Healthcare Patient and Environment

Have you just discovered the hidden healthcare practice setting of jails and prisons? Maybe you responded to an employment notice or met a nurse working in a local facility. Or, you may be preparing for an interview or your first day of work on a temporary assignment at a state prison. Many nurses and others in healthcare are not even aware of the interesting and challenging field of correctional healthcare. This online healthcare course provides an understanding of the correctional healthcare environment and characteristics of the patient population. In just one short hour you will gain insight into the criminal justice system and what makes correctional healthcare special.

This is a video-style course with text content located at the end of the chapter.​

Questions? Check out our FAQs page and How Online IV Certification Works!


Upon completeion of this course, participants will be able to:

  1. Differentiate the various types of correctional settings in the US.
  2. Outline common characteristics of the inmate-patient population that affect healthcare delivery.
  3. Describe major physical and mental health care issues in the inmate-patient population.


Chapter 1: Overview of the Criminal Justice System

  • Detained vs. Sentenced
  • Jail vs. Prison
  • County, State, Federal
  • Security Levels and Housing Classifications
Chapter 2: Types of Healthcare Delivery
  • Self-Operated vs. Independent Healthcare Services
  • Working with Custody in a Secure Environment
  • General Categories of Healthcare provided
Chapter 3: Patient Demographics
  • Age
  • Gender
  • Race/ethnicity
  • Education
Chapter 4: Physical Health Concerns
  • Chronic Illness
  • Infectious Diseases
Chapter 5: Mental Health Concerns and Summary
  • Mental Illness
  • Traumatic Brain Injury/PTSD
  • Drug/Alcohol/Tobacco Use
  • Suicidality
Chapter 6: Text Content

Chapter 7: References
  • California Bill 241
  • Implicit Bias in Healthcare
  • What is Implicit Bias?
  • Implications of Implicit Bias in Healthcare
  • How to Reduce Implicit Bias

Price: $10.00

Contact Hour: 1

Course Author

Lorry Schoenly

Lorry Schoenly, PhD, RN, CCHP-RN is a nurse author and educator specializing in the field of correctional health care. She provides consulting services to jails and prisons across the country on projects to improve professional nursing practice and patient safety. 

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Course Accreditation

See our Accreditation Statements page to view our accreditation information.

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