Arkansas IV Therapy Education

This course is designed to fulfill the educational requirements of the Arkansas State Board of Nursing as it pertains to the practice of IV therapy. Each state board has differing requirements that the nurse must meet regarding infusion therapies. The nurse must be aware of the rules provided by the board for the state in which they practice.

In early 2021, the Infusion Nurses Society (INS), recognized as the global authority in infusion therapy, released the updated Infusion Therapy Standards of Practice. The INS sets the accepted standards for infusion therapy practice for all healthcare settings. This course is based on the current best practices as defined by the Infusion Nursing Society and other governing agencies such as the CDC, and FDA.

This course offers 17.00 contact hours of continuing nurse education (CEU/CNE). Certificates of Completion are instantly available to print after successful completion of each course with an exam score of 80% or greater. For courses where relevant skills are required, skills check-off lists are available at the end of each course to print and complete with a qualified preceptor.

Have questions? Check out our FAQs page and our page, How Online IV Certification Works. If you need to purchase IV education for your staff, see our Learning Management System page for more information and instructions on how to get started. We offer bulk discounts!


Objectives for Section 1: Peripheral IV Therapy

Upon completion of this curriculum, the participant will be able to:

  1. List specific measures that will protect against malpractice.
  2. Identify infusion related complications, causes and appropriate treatment.
  3. Demonstrate the correct calculation of an IV flow rate.
  4. Identify methods of infection control related to IV therapy.
  5. List the components of accurate and complete documentation of IV procedures and complications.
  6. Demonstrate IV and Infusion related procedures .

Objectives for Section 2: Central Venous Access Devices (CVAD)

Upon completion of this curriculum, the participant will be able to:

  1. Describe protective measures to guard against malpractice suits.
  2. List 3 reasons for use and advantages of central lines.
  3. List 4 veins used for central venous device placement and proper tip position.
  4. Identify the various types of central lines.
  5. Identify symptoms and prevention of complications.
  6. Describe assessment criteria and documentation required for patients with central venous catheters.

Objectives for Section 3: Transfusion Therapies

Upon completion of this curriculum, the participant will be able to:

  1. Explain the blood grouping systems and their importance in transfusion therapy.
  2. List available blood components and indications for each.
  3. Describe the activities required in preparation for a transfusion.
  4. Identify equipment used to administer a transfusion and it’s proper usage.
  5. Describe the nursing management of a blood component infusion.
  6. Describe signs and symptoms of transfusion reactions, and appropriate interventions for each.
  7. Explain appropriate patient education related to transfusion therapy.
  8. Identify the required documentation for a blood transfusion.


Section One: Peripheral IV Therapy

Chapter 1: Legal Issues

  • Regulatory Agencies and Governing Bodies 
  • Components of a Complete Physicians Order 
  • Legal Terms and Applications in Nursing
  • Protective Measures for Guarding against Malpractice Lawsuits

Chapter 2: Anatomy and Physiology

  • The Vascular System: Veins, Arteries and Bone Marrow 
  • The Three Layers of the Vessels and Their Function 
  • Differentiating Arteries from Veins
  • Veins used in Peripheral Intravenous Therapy for Pediatrics and Adults
  • Intraosseous
  • Skin: Anatomy and Physiology

Chapter 3:  Psychological Needs of the IV Patient

  • Age Specific Needs of Children
  • Elderly Patient Needs 
  • Cultural Aspects
  • Patients with Sensory Deficits 
  • Methods of Reducing Patient Anxiety 
  • Patient Teaching/Education

Chapter 4: Fluid and Electrolyte Balance

  • Water: The Primary Fluid of the Body
  • Hypovolemia—Dehydration: Assessment, Causes, Treatments 
  • Hypervolemia—Fluid Overload: Assessment, Causes, Treatments 
  • Fluid Compartments
  • Electrolyte Imbalances: Assessment, Causes, Treatments

Chapter 5: pH, Osmolality and Incompatibilities of Solutions and Medications

  • pH of Intravenous Solutions and Medications
  • Tonicity: Isotonic solutions, Hypotonic solutions and Hypertonic Solutions Incompatibilities

Chapter 6: Fluid Regulation

  • Methods of Fluid Regulation
  • Patient Considerations in Fluid Regulation
  • External Factors that Affect the Rate of Flow 
  • Calculation of IV flow rates

Chapter 7: Infection Prevention and Safety Compliance

  • Hand Hygiene
  • Sharps Management
  • Medical Waste Disposal
  • Durable Medical Equipment Disinfection
  • Standard Precautions
  • Transmission-Based Precautions

Chapter 8: Vascular Visualization

  • Trans-illuminator Technology
  • Near Infrared Technology
  • Ultrasound

Chapter 9: Site Selection and Device Placement

  • Criteria For Peripheral Devices
  • 3 Types Of Peripheral Access And Criteria For Placement
  • Special Considerations Of The Specific Age Groups
  • General Considerations Of Short Peripheral Access 
  • Veins To Avoid

Chapter 10: Vascular Access Device Management

  • Needleless Connectors
  • Filtration
  • Add-on Devices
  • VAD Stabilization
  • Joint Stabilization
  • Site Protection
  • Flushing and Locking
  • Assessment, Care, and Dressing Changes
  • Administration Set Changes
Chapter 11: Peripheral Complications Local Complications 
  • Local Complications
    • Hematoma
    • Infiltration
    • Extravasation
    • Phlebitis
    • Site Infection
    • Catheter Occlusion
    • MARSI
    • Nerves - Avoiding Damage
    • Compartment Syndrome
  • Systemic Complications
    • Catheter Related Blood Stream Infection (CRBSI) -  Septecemia
    • Allergic Reaction
    • Air Embolism
    • Peripheral Catheter Embolism
    • Pulmonary Embolism
    • Pulmonary Edema
    • Speed Shock

Chapter 12: Procedures Guides and Videos

  • Pre-insertion Procedures
  • Peripheral IV Insertion
  • Primary and Secondary Administration set-up
  • IV Push Administration
  • Catheter Discontinuation

Chapter 13: Assessment and Documentation

  • Catheter Insertion Documentation 
  • Catheter Removal Documentation
  • Assessment, Monitoring and Documentation by Therapy

Section Two: Central Venous Access Devices

Chapter 14: Central Venous Access Device Review

  • Definition of a Central Line
  • Reasons for use of a central line
  • Advantages of a central line
  • Overview of Central Venous Access Devices
  • Lumens
  • Non‐valved and valved catheters
  • Non‐tunneled catheters
  • Tunneled catheters
  • Implanted ports
  • PICC or Peripherally Inserted Central Catheter

Chapter 15: CVAD Anatomy

  • Veins used for placement of central venous access devices
  • Catheter tip placement

Chapter 16: Assessment and Preparations for Central Venous Catheterization

  • Considerations for selection of the device
  • Preparations for central venous catheterization

Chapter 17: CVAD Management

  • Needleless Connectors
  • Filtration
  • Add-On Devices
  • CVAD Stabilization
  • Site Protection
  • Flushing and Locking
  • Assessment, Care, and Dressing Changes
  • Administration Set Changes
  • Blood Sampling from a CVAD

Chapter 18: CVAD Procedure Guides and Videos

  • Central venous catheter dressing change
  • Needleless access device change
  • Central venous catheter flushing
  • Blood Sampling from a CVAD

Chapter 19: CVAD Complications

  • Catheter related complications
  • Systemic complications
  • Insertion related complications

Chapter 20: CVAD-Discontinuation of Therapy

  • Removal of devices
  • Central venous access device removal procedure

Chapter 21: Assessment and Documentation and Patient Education

  • Documentation of insertions, removal, infiltration or extravasations
  • Assessment, monitoring, documentation by type of therapy

Section Three: Transfusion Therapy

Chapter 22: Introduction to Transfusion Therapy

  • Blood Components
  • ABO Blood Group System
  • Rh Blood Group System
  • Other Blood Group Antigens
  • HLA System

Chapter 23: Whole Blood

  • Description
  • Indications

Chapter 24: Packed Red Blood Cells

  • Description
  • Indications
  • Donation and Testing
  • Red Blood Cell Subsets

Chapter 25: Platelets

  • Description
  • Indications
  • Donation and Testing
  • Platelet Subsets

Chapter 26: Plasma

  • Description
  • Indications
  • Donation and Testing

Chapter 27: Granulocytes

  • Description
  • Indications
  • Donation and Testing

Chapter 28: Clotting Factors

  • Cryoprecipitate
  • Factor Concentrates

Chapter 29: Pre-transfusion Activities

  • Licensed Independent Prescriber Order
  • Patient Consent
  • Type and Crossmatch
  • Vascular Access
  • Baseline Vital Signs

Chapter 30: Transfusion Administration

  • Component Transport and Storage
  • Equipment
  • Pre-medication
  • Identification
  • Administration
  • Monitoring
  • Patient Education
  • Documentation

Chapter 31: Complications

  • Immune Complications
  • Hemolytic Reactions
  • Non-Hemolytic Reactions
  • Non-immune Complications
  • Infectious Complications
  • Transfusion Associated Fluid Overload (TACO)
  • Complications of Massive Transfusion
Chapter 32: Skill Checklists

Price: $170.00

Contact Hours: 17

Course Author

Pamela Clark

Pamela Clark, CRNI, is an infusion nurse with the Houston Methodist Sugar Land Hospital. She has more than 35 years of experience in infusion therapy and infusion education with both licensed nurses and patients. Her experience spans multiple infusion settings including: acute care, long-term care, home infusion, and ambulatory infusion care. She also has experience in oncology and oncology research.

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